The befits of exercises especially the physiotherapy in pre and post-surgery conditions are often considered inevitable particularly among the contemporary extremely health-conscious population. However, in specific surgery cases, the physicians essentially prescribe physiotherapy such as in the cases of the knee and hip replacement, cardiac and abdominal surgery and in other surgical groups like thoracic, colorectal, vascular and urological and in post-cancer resection. If you are preparing for surgery of these surgical groups you need to necessarily get in touch with a surgeon trained physiotherapist like the CareAxis to ensure the course of pre and post-physiotherapy.
There are evidence that if the CRF or the cardiorespiratory fitness is preoperatively measured, then it accurately indicates or predicts the postoperative complications. In addition to this, the CRF measure also provides significant benefits in predicting age alone mortality after major surgery especially for the patients more than the age of 75. The pre-operative physiotherapy significantly reduces the length of stay in the hospitals as well as in the intensive care facilities. As a whole, the pre and post-surgery physiotherapy results in enormous beneficial effects on physical fitness as well as in post-operative outcomes or recovery in all major surgical fields such as cardiac surgery, orthopaedic surgery, thoracic surgery, abdominal surgery, urological and vascular surgery.
The patients who have undergone hip replacement and have participated in pre-surgery physiotherapy are reported with significant improvements both in small to moderate sizes of effects in dealing with pain and functions as well as reducing the stay in the hospital. A study and systematic review by Chesham and Shanmugham in 2014 involving 10 RCTs with combined education and exercise, combined exercise and acupuncture, neuromuscular electric stimulation along with exercise versus acupuncture, with another systematic review and meta-analysis by Moyer et al in 2017 reported significant improvements in knee strength, pain, ambulation, quadriceps strength and function along with reduced stay in the hospital in the cases of pre-surgery physiotherapy.
Similarly, a systematic review conducted in 2010 reported pre-operative physiotherapy is highly effective in reducing post-surgery length of hospital stay and post-surgery complications. Another review conducted by Cochrane in 2015 revealed that pre-operative physiotherapy especially the inspiratory muscle training significantly reduced the postoperative incidence of pulmonary complication like pneumonia and atelectasis for the patients of adult ages who underwent cardiac and abdominal operations.
The post-surgery physiotherapy is also highly beneficial in the cases of spinal surgery with improved spinal mobility and in the cases of hip and knee replacement, colorectal surgery by increased fitness of cardiovascular system, breast surgery with very fewer side-effects, and in many other types of surgeries with fewer risks of blood clotting.